administration escalating tariffs and Beijing retaliating.

It is important that we come to an agreement over time that addresses the problems that we have identified. And the sooner the better,” Allen said.

He said the council had opposed the use of tariffs from the very beginning and hop

ed a “mutually acceptable and supportive” agreement could be reached in the near term.

“But, currently, we are moving away from that agreement. We want to get back to moving toward a

n agreement so that our two economies can begin to interact with each other in a more normal manner,” he said.

Allen, who was in Lexington, Kentucky, last week for the Fifth US-China Governors Fo

rum, said he had spoken to a number of Chinese investors in Kentucky and throughout the United St

ates who are bringing jobs and opportunities that did not exist previously.

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In a statement on May 16, Huawei said that losing acce

ss to US suppliers “will do significant economic harm to the US companies” and affect “tens of thousands of US jobs”. In total, US firm

s sold an estimated $11 billion worth of components to Huawei last year, according to earlier media reports.

“I’m not able to tell you exactly what the costs will be; it differs from company to company,” said Allen.

“But clearly, from a corporate perspective, this Department

of Commerce action has created costs and has escalated the uncertainty quite a bit.”

Asked to comment on some voices in the US calling for the “decoupling” of the two countries, especially in the technology sect

or, Allen said both sides should pursue a playing field of “smart competition and engagement”, in which the

y play by a “common set of rules” that are mainly set by World Trade Organization obligations.

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The strategic guiding role of national development plannin

ng should be leveraged to improve coordination mechanisms

for economic policies such as finance, currency, employment, industry, and regional develop

ment to ensure the nation’s economic development stays within a reasonable range, the statement said.

The meeting highlighted the importance of strengthening innovative cap

abilities as well as opening-up and cooperation in this regard, and called for improving the serv

ices and environment for opening-up and cooperation so that development is promoted through opening-up, inn

ovation is advanced through reforms and win-win results are achieved through cooperation, it said.

Tough and newly emerging problems should be resolved through deepening reforms, the state

ment said, adding that the capability of dealing with challenges and preventing risks should be intensified.

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The world’s second-largest economy maintained its fore

eign exchange reserves at $3.095 trillion at the end of April. The reserve amount was stable, altho

ugh it slightly retreated from $3.098 trillion at the end of March, according to the State Administration of Foreign Exchange.

Li Yang, director of the National Institution for Finance and Development of the Chinese Academy

of Social Sciences, said that China is unlikely to sacrifice foreign exchange reserves to de

fend its currency, even if depreciation pressure rises amid any escalation in trade tension.

In May, the offshore RMB exchange rate against the US dollar dropped more than 3 percen

t under market pressure as global investors worried about the escalation of trade friction.

Guo Shuqing, Party secretary of the People’s Bank of China, the central bank, said on Monday that higher US tariffs on Chin

a’s imports triggered financial market volatility, and this also affected the offshore RMB.

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Development of huge shale oil field goes full steam

This year, PetroChina’s Xinjiang Oilfield Company has been fully develop

ing the Jimsar shale oil field, which boasts 1 billion tons of shale oil reserves, Xinhua reported.

The company has mobilized 36 drilling rigs, started drilling on 47 wells and completed eight wells till now. The daily drille

d footage surpassed 2,000 meters and the total drilled footage reached 160,000 meters.

PetroChina has ramped up exploration efforts on Bohai Bay Basin, Songliao Basin, Ordo

s Basin and Junggar Basin in recent years and shale oil was listed as one of the four exploration goals. Dagang Oilfi

eld, Xinjiang Oilfield, Tuha Oilfield and Changqing Oilfield have been set as important demonstration zones.

Xinjiang Oilfield Company said it planned to mobilize 45 drilling rigs this year to finish drilling nearly 100 wells.

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General Wei is scheduled to give a speech on China’s se

ecurity cooperation with the international community and will meet heads of several

foreign delegations, Wu said at a news conference in Beijing on Thursday afternoon.

hina’s tech giant Huawei Technologies Co maintained its ranking as the w

orld’s No 2 smartphone vendor, continuing to narr

ow the gap with Samsung, the first on the list, market research company Gartner Inc reported.

With 71.62 million in smartphone sales, the world’s top vendor Sam

sung saw its market share reduce from 20.5 percent to 19.2 percent in the first quarter of this year.

Huawei sold 58.4 million units of smartphones in the same p

eriod, up 44.5 percent year-on-year, the highest growth among the world’s top five.

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Issoufou congratulated Xi on the 70th anniversary of the f

 founding of the People’s Republic of China and the great achievements that Chinese people have made under

the leadership of the Communist Party of China. Noting that China’s development has made important contributions to m

ankind, Issoufou said that China’s inclusive economic growth has lifted a huge number of people out of poverty.

Niger supports the goal of building a community with a shared future for mankind, and the BR

I put forward by Xi will bring benefits for the whole world, he said, adding that Niger would like to pro

actively participate in the Belt and Road. While meeting with Issoufou on Tuesday, Premier Li Keqiang said that Chi

na would like to offer a hand to Niger for the country’s economic development and the improvement of people’s lives.

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Foreign investors’ access to onshore stock index futures

“Moreover, as foreign investors’ trading helps boost liquidity in the domestic market and makes the price changes mor

e consistent with international trends, domestic market participants can also better hedge against risks,” he said.

Experts also expect China to open up the stock index futures mark

et to foreign investors, as they have large exposure in t

he A-share market and are therefore in need of this risk management tool.

Foreign investors’ access to onshore stock index futures is an “infrastructure” for fin

ancial market opening-up, without which foreign investors’ passion for Chinese shares may be dampened, said Wa

ng Maobin, investment department chair at the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing.

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China is the world’s largest producer of rare earths, acco

counting for about 80 percent of global supply. However, the country’s rare-earth industry is faced with such pro

blems as rapidly decreasing inventory, inefficient production and environmental pollution.

Analysts also said that the low prices of China’s exports have failed to reflect the real value of the precious resource.

The division of labor of the global rare-earth industry should be coo

rdinated in accordance with the principle of opening-up and sharing, the NDRC said.

While the country prioritizes the domestic use of rare-earth meta

ls, it is willing to see its exports help drive the development of global industries, it said.

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employment market, based on big data of online recruit

 this year was 1.68, down from 1.91 in the first quarter of 2018. Although the figure was above 1, the balance line, it was the first decline since the beginning of 2018.

About 8.34 million new college graduates and 2 million migrant workers are expected to enter the job market this year. Added to the list of job seekers woul

d be those who lose their jobs because of the industrial structural transformation and special type of job see

kers such as veterans. This means at least 12 million urban jobs have to be created this year.

Still, the employment pressure this year is not overbearing for two re

asons. First, the number of job seekers has not increased considerably from last year.

In fact, the number and ratio of China’s working-age people have both d

eclined for the seventh consecutive year. Over the past seven years, China’s working-age

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